It’s been hot and windy these last few days and I’m waiting for a change in the weather and hopefully some rain to plant out the summer vegetables. In the meantime my purple cauliflowers and sugarloaf cabbages are ready to pick. Broccoli and Tuscan kale are flowering (I’m planning to save seeds) and need a replanting.

I’ve started vegetable seeds in trays which will be ready to plant later this month. Most of my flowers have started to self-seed, but I will sprinkle some more seeds out straight on the soil as well. I prefer a naturalised garden which provides colour with little extra work.

Currently I am still harvesting my winter and spring crops, lettuces, cauliflowers, cabbages, kale, asparagus and all sorts of berries: Yellow raspberries, strawberries, black mulberries, white Shantoot mulberries, and the blueberries are swelling too.

Gardening Guide (following Moon Planting)

☽ Waxing Moon 4 October at 1:16 pm

Sow direct: bush and climbing beans, grain crops, sweet corn, popcorn, cosmos, everlasting daisy, nasturtium and sunflower.

Sow or plant out: capsicum, cucumber, eggplant, leek, pumpkin, rockmelon, rosella, spring onions, summer squash, tomato, watermelon, zucchini, chamomile, ageratum, celosia, dianthus, livingstone daisy, African and French marigold, petunia, phlox, snapdragon and verbena.

Prune: mature passionfruit, climbing roses, ramblers and species roses, after flowering. Hawaiian hibiscus when old leaves yellow. Dead-head roses regularly through the growing season.

☺ Full Moon 12 October at 12:07 pm

Sow direct: beetroot (pre-soak seed), carrot, radish and sweet potato.

Sow or plant out: asparagus seed, banana passionfruit, passionfruit, pawpaw, catnip, chives, dandelion, hyssop, lemon balm, lemon grass, marjoram, meadowsweet, mint, oregano, pyrethrum, rosemary, rue, sage, Virginia scullcap, thyme, watercress, yarrow and dahlia seed.

Plant: banana, blueberry, citrus, cherry guava, tropical guava, macadamia, mango, lavender, pyrethrum French tarragon, bromeliad, chrysanthemum gazania, gerbera, pelargonium, Shasta daisy dahlia tubers and frangipani. Divide chives and gerbera. Repot pot plants, if necessary, until December. In cooler areas, also sow or plant out herbaceous perennials, olive, potted roses and evergreen trees, shrubs and vines.

After watering, fertilise: mature passionfruit and herbaceous perennials after aerating bed.

Lightly fertilise: young citrus, fig, cherry guava, palms, French tarragon, marjoram, oregano, mint, Hawaiian hibiscus, carnations and marguerites, also natives after flowering, except for kangaroo paw. Apply a very small amount to wisteria.

Harvest crops for storage on non-fertile days.

☾ Waning Moon 20 October at 1:31 pm

No sowing or planting this phase, but weed, dig or plough, prepare beds and prune back unwanted growth, if required.

Mulch: banana, passionfruit and Hawaiian hibiscus with compost and well-rotted manure, also asparagus after harvest. Lightly mulch rhododendrons and azaleas with well-rotted manure. Mulch as required to keep organic fertiliser damp and protect garden from heat or dry conditions. Lift spring bulbs as soon as foliage dies back.

☻ New Moon 27 October at 5:57 am

Sow direct: open Chinese cabbage, grain crops, rocket, silver beet (pre-soak seed), NZ spinach (pre-soak seed), tatsoi, dill, cosmos, everlasting daisy, nasturtium and sunflower.

Sow or plant out: cabbage, leek, lettuce, silver beet (pre-soak seed), spring onions, sweet and purple basil, chamomile, parsley, ageratum, celosia, dianthus, livingstone daisy, African and French marigold petunia, phlox, snapdragon and verbena. Grow a green manure or cover crop of red or white clover, pigeon pea, soybean. millet or Japanese millet, also sorghum late in month In suitable soils, grow alfalfa, amaranth or buckwheat.

On damp soil, apply fertiliser tea to: young grapes, young rhubarb, young mango, young pawpaw, all bananas, melons sown in September, asparagus seedlings and young crowns, also cabbage, celery, leek, lettuce and silver beet and young passionfruit, if necessary.

Apply seaweed tea to: young grapes, mature pawpaw, bulbs after flowering, all passionfruit after rain. Also to strawberries in cooler areas. Apply at half strength to kiwifruit and young pawpaw.